Mechanization of Construction Tasks: Level Assessment and Craft Workforce Awareness

Diego Calvetti1, Pedro Mêda2, Miguel Chichorro Gonçalves1, Hipólito Sousa1
1 CONSTRUCT/GEQUALTEC, Faculty of Engineering, Porto University
2 CONSTRUCT/GEQUALTEC, Construction Institute, Faculty of Engineering, Porto University

DOI: 10.35490/EC3.2021.172
Abstract: Construction Industry (CI) tasks often consist of manual work and work-machine systems; still, the craft work-force is the primary site labour dimension. Construction tasks are still mainly artisanal and low productivity is one of the CI main concerns. There is a gap in craftwork modelling methods and a lack of research on construction tasks mechanization assessment. This work quantitatively assesses four on-site tasks' mechanization level through modelling the crew processes using work sampling and Monte Carlo methods. In addition, craft workers on duty dressed up wearable and through interviews delivered their impressions about electronic monitoring and task mechanization.
Keywords: Worker 4.0, on-site tasks performance, craft workforce, electronic performance monitoring (EPM), mechanization
Pages: 342 - 349

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